Stretches

Stretches

 
Before beginning or at the end of any training program , you need to stretch your muscles. But it’ important for the muscles to be warm before you begin stretching . Run a few laps around the gym and set a few balls against the gymnasium wall before stretching out. It’ safer, and you’l get more out of it.

 
 
 
Some Stretches you could do every day,
V-SIT (MIDDLE, LEFT AND RIGHT)

Sit on the floor with your legs straight out in front of your body. Now, spread your legs out to the sides as far as is comfortable to you. For many people just getting into this position is a great stretch in itself! As you become more flexible you can slowly lean forward or reach out with your arms to grab your toes. Breath and hold for 15 seconds.
Pretzel- to the right. (switch to the left also)

To stretch the outside of the hips, use the pretzel stretch. Extend one leg out straight and bend the other one over it. Turn your body toward the hip of the bent leg. Press that knee into your body, and you should feel the stretch in the hip. Switch and do the other leg.

 
Chest.
 

To stretch muscles in chest and shoulders. Stand arm-length distant from a doorway opening. Raise one arm shoulder height with slight bend in elbow. Place hand against door jamb and turn upper body away so that the muscles in chest and shoulders are stretched. Suggested repetitions: 3 – 4 each arm.

Tricep.

Raise the arm, bend the elbow, and then try to move the elbow behind the head. Repeat this with the other arm.

Qaudriceps.


To stretch the upper leg, stand up again. Lift one foot up behind you and grab the ankle. Now push your foot out until you feel a stretch down the front of your thigh. If you have trouble balancing, focus on a spot on the floor about 6 feet away. Switch and do the other leg.

Hamstrings
 

 
Stand with feet together or hip width apart. Roll from the top of your head all the way down your spine until your hands reach the floor. If they can’t reach don’t worry, it will get better! I also like to cross my arms above my head holding each elbow with opposite hand and just hang there, letting my head dangle and swivel from side to side. Or you could clasp your hands together behind your back and reach your arms behind your head towards the floor for a nice shoulder opening. Hold for at least 30 seconds. Roll up through your spine the same way your rolled down. Trying to articulate every vertebrae.

Cooling down

Cooling down, is the period which allowed your body to make a smooth transition from moderate or vigorous exercise to resting state.

As you exercise your physiological state will change from state to a higher state “the cool down” will help you to retain back and adjust to the normal state which is sager than just suddenly stop exercising.

As you exercise, the cardiac output will increases which it cause the heart beat as well the amount of blood pumped per a beat to increases. As the blood shift away from the vital organ to help the muscle to start exercising it need more oxygen and extra nutrients. After finish exercise everything goes back to normal states and return to resting level. As you exercise your muscle work as blood pump it help to return the blood to the heart by contracting and relaxing.  

How to cool down?

It’s as simple as warming up before exercise. As warming up to reach the target zone, cool down is the opposite which allowed the body to shift from the target zone to the resting state. Starching is the best example of cooling down.  Which it also help to lengthen the muscles and give you a better flexibility.

pic- http://www.bodybuilding.com/fun/walker2.htm

Obesity

Obesity is an excess proportion of total body fat in the body. Having too much fat is not the same as being overweight.  When the total percent of body fat exceeds what is considered average or optimal, the amount of fat begins to have delirious effect on health. Today many individual paying thousands of dollars on products for weight lost and the United states paying billion of dollars to reduce obesity as the CDC-funded study published in the journal Health Affairs said  “without a strong and sustained reduction in obesity prevalence, obesity will continue to impose major costs on the health system for the foreseeable future. And although health reform may be necessary to address health inequities and rein in rising health spending, real savings are more likely to be achieved through reforms that reduce the prevalence of obesity and related risk factors, including poor diet and inactivity.”Today obesity is an epidemic in America. It’s killing us and costing us more. Year after year Americans still continue to become more obese which is costing us more and most important killing us.  I believe that it’s necessary to address health inequities by educating American about how to be health, this might cost us less money, and  it might save as a lot of money in the future.

 

What Causes Obesity?

  • Age
  • Genetics
  • Environmental Factor
  • Physical Activity
  • Psychologist Factor
  • Illness
  • Medication

How my body fat is not over weight but Obesity?

  • Mirror test
  • Skin fold Measurement
  • Hydrostatic weighing
  • Body Mass Index
  • Ultrasound, Light wave impedance

How much Body fat

Men: 15% to 20 % of total body weight

Women: 25% to 30% of total body weight

For men anything above 20% is Obesity, For women anything about 30% is obesity

Consequences of Obesity:

  • Diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • Stroke
  • Hypertension
  • Surgical risk
  • Pregnancy problems

Picture: http://obesityinamerica.org/

CDC-funded study, Health Affairs.2012,  Weight of the Nation conference

http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/31/10/2183.full?sid=d5d4581a-2ba5-4b38-890e-004e042f09bd